Carbon, one of the most common elements in existence, has the potential to be chemically mixed with itself and with other elements by tight covalent bonds resulting in a number of structures enabling the creation of materials with specific properties. Carbon products can be incredibly hard like diamond or graphite like quickly delaminated, very solid, high strength (iron / carbon composite products) and thus ideal for structural applications (aircraft and race cars) or very brittle (activated carbon); the latter is useful as energy storage adsorbents or as catalyst help. They can be extremely conductive (graphite) or insulating (carbon vitreous). This wide range of properties is enhanced by the reality that, in the most intense circumstances, only carbon products are capable of working at high temperatures. Do you want to learn more? Visit Pacific Coast Carbon LLC.
With the detection of fullerenes and nanotubes the carbon materials received a lot of attention. However, since prehistoric times conventional carbon resources have played an significant role (pigment in cave drawings, a part of gunpowder, writing) and have led to the economic and technical growth of our civilization (steel).
The invention of carbon fibres in the ’60s was a significant breakthrough in the production of such products, with their strong strength and versatility. In addition, we discover the very hard and fragile vitreous material, called after the filing of a conchoidal fracture sheet, which has glass-like properties. Around the same period, potentially leading to the production of modern carbon materials for very different uses was the detection of specific structural types of graphite material, needle and spherules.
The excellent biocompatibility of carbon fibres, found in the 1970s, including its usage in prostheses, ligaments, and heart valves.
In the early 1980s, technological advancement to manufacture high-density isotropic graphite blocks allowed its use in high-temperature reactors, semiconductor crystal synthesis systems, and components of electrical discharge electrodes. In the mid-80s, with the detection of fullerenes, the use of carbon fibres in structural engineering, design structures (buildings, bridges)
Nanotubes were invented in the 90’s, enabling a new age for carbon materials: the nanostructure period. Not only is it the world of carbon graphite flat structures or three-dimensional diamond forms, but we are now with closed structures comprising pentagons of carbon atoms and nanometer-sized carbon tubes, consisting of a layer of plain curved carbon atoms in hexagonal distribution. The development of one wall (single) and multiple wall carbon nanotubes has sparked the curiosity of scientists and engineers in nanotechnology-related fields. Around the same period, modern uses of graphite family products, such as anode materials for Li-ion battery rechargeable carbon fibre water purification, activated carbon electrodes for supercapacitors in electric double sheet, etc.